Simulation of soft open foam - Foams
https://polymerfem.com/community/foams/simulation-of-soft-open-foam/
PolymerFEM.com Discussion Boarden-USFri, 19 Apr 2024 05:55:17 +0000wpForo60
https://polymerfem.com/community/foams/simulation-of-soft-open-foam/#post-11934
Sat, 28 May 2016 05:31:07 +0000FoamsJorgenhttps://polymerfem.com/community/foams/simulation-of-soft-open-foam/#post-11934Progress
https://polymerfem.com/community/foams/simulation-of-soft-open-foam/#post-11931
Thu, 26 May 2016 07:04:39 +0000Dear SimulatersThank you very much for the answers.I tried to use the informations, here is what i got:Answer Bergstrm:If you measured the true stress/strain then import it as such, if you measured the eng stress/strain then specify that when importing. MCalibration does not assume or impose any Poissons ratio.See Fig.1The first picture shows five times the same datafile: Blue - imported as TRUE Strain and Stress, looks just like the Force - Displacement curves of my measurment did.Red - imported as ENGINEERING Strain and Stress, as the stress decreases dramitically it seems like the cross sectional area must have changed. As the poissons ratio is very small (if not zero) the cross sectional area did not change and at least the stress values should remain the same ... shouldnt they? What is my mistake here? Also strain values greater then 1 are unconventional to me but might be ok.Green (and hiding a red curve) - as ENGINEERING Stress and Strain but not as uniaxial but as confined compression to simulate the low Poissons Ratio ... well, doesnt seem suitable.As the Poissons Ratios are very small for this materials (see below) i do not understand what makes the changes between True and Engineering. Doesnt True just consider the true cross sectional area of the deformed specimen? Which should nearly be constant at small Poissons ratios?For the later tests i used the data imported as True becuase the curve fits are much better...(see below) i hope it is physically plausible!Answer Bergstrm:When working with foams I recommend either measuring the Poissons ratio, and then adding a Poissons Ratio load case. OR, measure the transverse strain during the testing and then read in both the axial strain and the transverse strain. This will allow MCalibration to know the Poissons ratio as a function of the applied strain. Note that this second option only works for uniaxial loading. Do you know what the Poissons ratio is of your foam?Unfortunatelly i did not measure it ... but: Optically the foam did not deform laterally as i compressed it uniaxially, the PR must be very small. Looking at measuremets of others (Milles, Gilchrist, The effects of heat transfer and Poissons Ratio on closed cell polymer foams / Viot, Beani, Lataillade, Polymeric foam behavior under dynamic compressive loading / etc.) it seems like the PR is very small or even zero even for closed cell foams.Now, to get the simulation running i guess i have to assume the PR to be between 0.0 and 0.2 for my materials untill i can measure it.Answer BergstrmAlso, what is the mass density of you foam? (That is, what is approximately the void volume fraction)?The densities of my foams are between 30 - 40 kg/m that gives void volume fractions of gas between 97% and 98% ... very soft foam! Answer BergstrmIf your material is has a low Poissons ratio then you should not use a material model for elastomers, but instead use a material model developed for foams. The difference being the volumetric response.The most accurate model in your case will be the PN model. I would give it a structure that is similar to the DBB model, but use hyperfoam elastic elements instead of rubber elasticity type hyperelastic elements.I tested all three Hyperfoam models available () and added Neo-Hookeans as parallel stiffnesses and virtual Poissons Ratio tests just to find out what might work.Here is the best i got when importing as Engineering Stress/StrainSee Fig. 2(Hmm...?!?)And the best result i got with True Stress/Strain. In this case i added a virtual Poissons Ratio of 0.1 (which seems to be a realistic on / i also tested with PRs of 0.05, 0.15, 0.2)See Fig. 3Well, its not perfect but it might be a good basis for a static model...whats your guess?And finally my current attempt for a DBB like model using Hyperfoam stiffnesses. The Chaboche requires a linear elasticity (with temperature dependency):See Fig. MaterialmodelAnd the best result so far:See Fig. 5Of course this is not yet satisfying but it allready took about ten simulations and manual adjustments of several parameters to get it to this point (and it doesnt seem absolute absurd).As always: i am very thankfull for any comment and advice about how to go on.Am i on the right way?What do you think about the True and Engineering issue? Greetings from Bremen Andreas Gierse]]>Foamsnatureali01https://polymerfem.com/community/foams/simulation-of-soft-open-foam/#post-11931
https://polymerfem.com/community/foams/simulation-of-soft-open-foam/#post-11916
Sun, 15 May 2016 05:46:58 +0000FoamsJorgenhttps://polymerfem.com/community/foams/simulation-of-soft-open-foam/#post-11916Simulation of soft open foam
https://polymerfem.com/community/foams/simulation-of-soft-open-foam/#post-29506
Fri, 29 Apr 2016 13:31:25 +0000i have several but similar materials which i tested all at compression (strain rates=0.666%/s , 13,3%/s / max strain=66.6%) simple shear (strain rates=0.666%/s , 13,3%/s / max strain=33.3%)Some typical results can be seen in the attached picture compression and shear as measuredPlease notice: i imported the measured stress-strain curves as true stress / strain but they were measured as engineering and not corrected before. If i import them as engineering MCalibration deforms them dramatically. I guess it is because MCalibration implies a Poissons ratio of 0.5 which is absolutely not true with this soft foams. I tried to add a virtual test of the Poissons Ratio as it was described in one of the tutorial videos but it only worked for high PR (like 0.499) but not for small ones like 0.1. Both shear curves are from the same sample and were measured directly after one another. Unfortunatelly they dont seem to have the same hyperelastic storage stiffness with just variing hysteresis around that as it is constitutive in the paper Constitutive modelling of the large strai time-dependent behavior of elastomers (if i got that right). MCalibration fits something between that two curves. I tested all material models available to get a feeling and the Dynamic Bergstrm-Boyce made by far the best fits for the different load cases if considered separately.The curve fits can be seen in the pictures compression alone and shear alone. Subsequently i tried to fit all four cures together. I tried the following strategies: First a curve fit of just the compression data while the shear curves were deactiveted. Then activating the shear data and deactivating the compression for a second curve fit. (see figure final results) Like above but the other way around (even worse than in the figure) All four curves active from the beginning (see figure final results)It seems to me that the Poissons ratio might be the biggest issue here.Dr. Berstrm kindly answered some of my questions some month ago before i started to measure and he recommended the models: Micro Foam Model (the fit was not really good) BB Foam (i did not find this model ?!?) PN as the probably most suitable for my material while the Dynamic Bergstrm-Boyce might just not be suitable for compressable foams.So there are some more questions: Is there a BB Foam model somewhere? Or do i have to modify the BB model to make it a Foam model? If i have to use the PN model could someone give me a hint of how to start the model structure?many questions and i am thankfull for every advice, inquiries and hintsGreetings from Bremen / Germany Andreas Gierse]]>Foamsnatureali01https://polymerfem.com/community/foams/simulation-of-soft-open-foam/#post-29506