It is easy to calibrate an Ansys Hyperelastic model to experimental data at one temperature. In this article I will show how super easy it is to calibrate a temperature-dependent Ansys hyperelastic model
Experimental Data for an Unfilled Silicone Rubber
The following image shows experimental uniaxial tension data that I have for an unfilled silicone rubber. The tests were performed at 3 different temperatures: 20°C, 60°C, and 150°C. For this material the deformation resistance is due to entropy changes, so the stiffness increases with temperature. In fact, if you were to analyze the data in more detail you would find that for this material the stress is almost linearly dependent on the absolute temperature in Kelvin. We will not use that information in this example.
Step 1: Calibrate a Hyperelastic Material Model to Each Temperature
Since the experimental stress-strain response is almost linear we can use a basic hyperelastic model, such as the Arruda-Boyce Eight-Chain model. I then used MCalibration to quickly calibrate the hyperelastic model to the data at each temperature. The following figures show the calibrated model results. As expected, the model predictions are in good agreement with the experimental data.
Step 2: Combine the Models into a Temperature-Dependent Model
Each of the 3 material models is then exported to an Ansys dat-file. Here’s an example of what one of these files contain.
! MCalibration defined material model -- start ! Units: [length]=millimeter, [force]=Newton, [time]=seconds, [temperature]=Kelvin ! Material Model: Ansys-ArrudaBoyce ! Calibration file name: Calibrate_AB_T20.mcal TB, HYPER, matid, 1, 2, BOYCE TBDATA, 1, 0.248052141 TBDATA, 2, 1.21634503 MP, DENS, matid, 1e-09 ! MCalibration defined material model -- end
The 3 files are then combined into one file using
TBTEMP commands. Here is the final model. That is it! You can now use this model in Ansys WB as a command snippet.
TB, HYPER, matid, 1, 2, BOYCE TBTEMP, 20.0 TBDATA, 1, 0.248052141 TBDATA, 2, 1.21634503 TBTEMP, 60.0 TBDATA, 1, 0.275389748 TBDATA, 2, 1.21416605 TBTEMP, 150.0 TBDATA, 1, 0.321847215 TBDATA, 2, 1.16325745